The European Starling (Scientific name - Sturnus vulgaris) is also known as the Common Starling. Their name comes from the fact that they have short wings and resemble stars in flight. They are found throughout North America, having been introduced in New York in the nineteenth century by Shakespeare enthusiasts. They are also found throughout Europe and into the Middle East. They have been introduced in Australia, New Zealand and South Africa. They look black, but have a purplish green iridescence. In winter they are brown with white spots. Photos taken in Vancouver in December 2013 (top) and April 2014 (middle) and Surrey in March 2014.